As a business, protecting you and your clients’ private information from different types of cyber security attacks is a top priority. Our vulnerability to cyber security attacks increases as we conduct more business online. Below are the top ten most common types of cyber security attacks.
Malware is malicious software that the user unknowingly installs into their system, often through corrupted links and applications. Malware takes information directly from your hard drive and can even destroy your computer system. Different cyber-attacks inflicted through malware include spyware, worms, trojans, and viruses.
Phishing scams are the most common type of cyber security attack online today and involve sending mass emails that are seemingly legitimate but house dangerous malware that steals your data. There are three common types of phishing:
- Spear Phishing: Specific cyber-attacks on a particular company or individual.
- Whaling: Cyber-attacks targeting company executives and shareholders of large organizations.
- Pharming: Utilizing a fake login page to capture the user’s login credentials.
Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) Attacks
MitM cyber security attacks often occur on unsecured Wi-Fi networks. These cyber security attacks steal users’ data by interrupting an interaction between two entities and are dangerous because they are hard to detect.
Services Denied Attacks
Denial-of-Service (DoS) attacks render the user’s system incapable of processing actual requests as the network is overrun with traffic from the attacker. These attacks open the door for more cyber-attacks once the user’s system is down.
SQL injections implant infected code into the user’s server and steal protected data. The best way to prevent SQL injections is by practicing secure coding.
A zero-day exploit cyber-attack occurs when a new network announces its arrival and attackers exploit the new network’s vulnerability. Attackers attempt to infiltrate the new system before the company implements proper security measures. The best way to prevent these cyber security attacks is through proactive threat management.
Password cyber security attacks use several methods to obtain your password, including social engineering, hacking password databases, and even guessing. The best way to avoid a password attack is to utilize two-factor authentication and account lockout with suspicious activity.
Rootkits enable attackers to access a system through previously installed software downloaded online. Rootkits are often spread through email attachments and download links from infected websites.
Internet of Things (IoT) Attacks
Today, almost everything connects to the internet. More devices on your network allow potential attackers to breach it and take advantage of your other devices. Frequently updating your password and operating system is the best way to prevent these cyber security attacks.